What is biomass power generation?
Biomass refers to various organisms formed directly or indirectly through photosynthesis, including plants, animals and microorganisms. Biomass energy refers to the energy stored in biomass by solar energy in the form of chemical energy, which is a clean and environmentally friendly renewable energy. Biomass power generation refers to the use of biomass energy for power generation. In terms of classification, biomass power generation is divided into agricultural and forestry biomass power generation, waste incineration power generation and biogas power generation. Agricultural and forestry biomass power generation can be divided into direct combustion power generation and mixed combustion power generation in terms of power generation technology.
What are the advantages of biomass power generation.
1. Biomass power generation is limited by natural conditions, has high reliability, good sustainability, a wide range of fuel sources, and a small initial investment in the project. It can be transformed with mature small-scale thermal power generation technology, which is conducive to industrialization and scale.
2. Biomass energy is a clean energy. Compared with traditional thermal power generation, the content of harmful substances (sulfur and ash, etc.) in biomass is only about 11 to 10 of that of medium bituminous coal. At the same time, the emission and absorption of carbon dioxide from biomass constitute natural Carbon cycle, its energy utilization can achieve zero carbon dioxide emissions. Practice has proved that the role of biomass energy in reducing carbon dioxide emissions is very obvious, so biomass energy is a highly clean energy technology and a scientific choice to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prevent global environmental degradation.
3. In line with the national new energy policy and the three rural policies. China clearly states in the "Energy Conservation Law of the People's Republic of China" that the state encourages the development and utilization of new energy and renewable energy. The term "renewable energy" as used in this law refers to wind energy, solar energy, water energy, biomass energy, geothermal energy, marine energy, etc. non-fossil energy sources. The state lists the development and utilization of renewable energy as a priority area of energy development, and promotes the establishment and development of the renewable energy market by setting targets for the total amount of renewable energy development and utilization and taking corresponding measures. The state encourages economic entities of various ownerships to participate in the development and utilization of renewable energy, and protects the legitimate rights and interests of renewable energy developers and users in accordance with the law. For example, the straw fuel required for biomass power generation needs to be purchased from farmers, which directly increases farmers' income. Biomass fuel particles can also be used as fuel, which not only plays a key role in the large-scale application of biomass, but also provides more business opportunities and development opportunities for related industries such as biomass particles.
The future of biomass power generation can be expected.
The goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is the inherent requirement and inevitable trend of my country's economy entering high-quality development. During this process, the construction of power systems is also undergoing structural changes. Renewable energy power generation will gradually become the mainstream of power construction, while biomass Power generation technology is one of the most common and effective methods in the application of biomass energy, and the future of biomass power generation can be expected.